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Types of Vascular Disorders
Blood vessels are vital tubes that carry blood throughout the body. Vascular diseases affect circulation of blood and the structure of the vessels. When these vessels become narrow or blocked, heart attack or stroke can occur.
Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is any damage to the blood vessels that carry blood to the heart. Plaque builds up in the blood vessels that blocks the openings and damages the walls. If blood flow is slowed or stopped, the heart can’t pump blood to the rest of the body causing pain and heart attack. Chest pain (angina) is a common sign of CAD.
To minimize heart attack risks and plaque buildup, CAD is usually treated with lifestyle changes, medications and surgical procedures.
The aorta carries vital blood from the heart to the rest of the body. If the wall of this major artery is weak or damaged, a dangerous aortic aneurysm can form. Abdominal aortic aneurysms occur in the section of the aorta that carries blood to the lower half of the body and thoracic aortic aneurysms occur in the chest. This weak and bulging area will enlarge with time and will eventually burst if it is not repaired. Surgical procedures can prevent life-threatening bleeding of an aneurysm rupture.
Other diseases affecting the aorta can result from genetic defects, high blood pressure or previous trauma.
Deep Vein Thrombosis
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) happens when a buildup of red blood cells creates a blood clot in a vein deep in the body. These clots usually occur in the legs due to lack of movement or slow blood flow. Treatment is necessary to prevent the painful blood clot from growing or moving elsewhere in the body or to dissolve it entirely.
Peripheral Vascular Disease (Peripheral Artery Disease)
Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) occurs in blood vessels outside of the heart and brain. It is also known as peripheral artery disease (PAD). When fatty material and plaque build up in blood vessels, blood flow is restricted to the rest of the body. In severe cases, the lack of blood flow can cause organ failure. PVD can be treated with lifestyle changes and medication to prevent more build up or sustain blood flow. Surgical procedures can also clear plaque or open the artery.
Carotid Artery Disease
PVD increases risk for carotid artery stenosis - a condition that occurs in the blood vessels carrying blood to the brain. When these arteries become damaged or narrow, stroke can occur. A carotid endarterectomy is often required to clear the blocked artery.
Treating Heart Disease
At Centennial Heart, you can find the most advanced technology and techniques for excellence in complete heart and vascular care. We work collaboratively with a specialized team of cardiologists, vascular surgeons, cardiac surgeons, cardiovascular anesthesiologists, nurses and technicians to provide comprehensive treatment for every stage of heart disease.
Depending on your unique needs, we can offer innovative treatments and minimally invasive procedures. If you need surgery, we can connect you with an expert surgeon. This multi-disciplinary approach allows us to effectively treat even the most complex conditions with demonstrated improved outcomes, close to home.
- Ankle-Brachial Index
- Cardiac Catheterization
- Cardiac CT
- Cardiac MRI
- Cardiac PET
- Chest X-Ray
- CT Angiography
- Electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG)
- Electrophysiology Studies (EP)
- Nuclear Stress Test
- Rest MUGA Scan
- Transesophageal Echocardiography (TEE)
- Tilt Table Test
- Treadmill Stress Test
- 3D/4D Intravascular Ultrasound
- Vascular Ultrasound Study